Humanity's discovery of zinc dates back to before Christ. The first man-made commodity to contain zinc is a statue that is thought to have been made by the Dakya civilization and contains 87.52% Zn + 11.41% Pb + 1.07% Fe.
Although human beings have used zinc for centuries, commercial use of zinc became possible in the 11th century. The Indian civilization is known as the first commercial zinc mining civilization between 1000-1300, but after the Mongolian war, the commercial production of the Indians had to stop until the 1800s.
Today, it is the most used metallic metal after Zinc, Iron, Aluminum and Copper. Despite this use, Zinc is the 23rd most common element in the earth's crust. While Zinc melts at about 420 ° C, a Zinc particle in the form of an ingot can be formed at 120 ° C.
Although it seems an advantage to melt at low temperatures in the beginning, the fact that Zinc is a transition element makes it difficult to process and purify. There are several types of zinc purification methods currently used in the world. Although many of our domestic enterprises are working to produce Zinc Ingot from ore, there is no facility that can produce Zinc ingot at 99.9% or more purity from zinc ore as of 2020.
Although factories such as Çinkur, which has the capacity to produce Zinc Ingot from Ore in our country, were established and operated by the state in the past, they were closed or privatized due to the increased energy costs.
The table showing the detected zinc deposits worldwide as of 1988 is as follows.
Country Reserve (Ton) Reserve + Potential (ton)
USA 21,000,000 50,000,000
Australia 18,000,000 49,000,000
Canada 25,000,000 56,000,000
Mexico 6,000,000 8,000,000
Peru 7,000,000 12,000,000
Other Countries with Market Economy 48,000,000 84,000,000
Other Centrally Planned Countries 23,000,000 36,000,000
World Total 148,000,000 295,000,000
Source: Mineral Commodity Summaries, 1988
You can examine our table below about the use and market share of zinc worldwide
1. China 26.0% 2.000.00t
2. Australia 1.380.000t 13.8%
3. Peru 1.200.000t 12.0%
4. US 727.000T 7.3%
5. Canada 710.000t 7.1%
6. Mexican 480.000t 4.8%
7. Kazakhstan 400.000t 4.0%
Other Countries 2.500.000t
Worldwide use of zinc
World Total Total: 10,000,000t (rounded)
Unit Price Level: 3.0 - 3.5 USD / kg
(Total Value: 30-35 Billion USD)
Zinc's market share